Outline research into institutional aggression. (4 marks)

For this question you should briefly discuss relevant theories such as the importation model and deprivation model. Make sure you don't spend too much time on this question!

Institutional aggression refers to aggression within or between groups or institutions (e.g. armed forces, prisons). Much of the research on models of institutional aggression has been done in prison environments. The importation model suggests that inmates in prison bring their social histories and traits into prison with them. This influences their adaptation into the prison environment. People who were more aggressive outside of prison will be more aggressive in prison: they are not 'blank states' when they enter prison.

The deprivation model suggests that aggression in prisons and other institutions is the product of the stressful and oppressive conditions of the institution itself. For example, aggression in prisons can by catalysed by deprivation of liberty, lack of autonomy, lack of goods or services, lack of heterosexual relationship and absence of ample security.


  1. did you get full marks for this answer?

    1. I did a similar answer and got full marks but my teacher said maybe add a few names of researchers, so Irwin and Cressey for the importation model